Efficiently Increase the Amount of Bone in the Jaw
Distraction osteogenesis is one of the safest and most predictable procedures performed to correct facial and oral defects. During distraction osteogenesis, two segments of bone are spread apart slowly until they are placed into the correct position. This gradual spreading of the bone segments allows soft tissue to regenerate and form, eventually turning into new bone.
By strengthening the jaw bone through this revolutionary technique, we help patients regain the ability to properly speak and eat, as well as help them become candidates for future restorative oral surgery procedures. Contact our office to learn more about how you can benefit from distraction osteogenesis.
Distraction Osteogenesis Procedure
Prior to treatment, you will visit one of our offices for a consultation. Our team will take 3D scans of your mouth and face, then use this information to design your custom treatment plan. We offer a variety of anesthesia and sedation options, and your surgeon will help select the right one for your procedure and level of anxiety.
Patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis are typically scheduled for two separate surgeries. In the first surgical procedure, part of the bone is cut, and the distraction device is placed. The distraction device contains a pin that can be turned at precise intervals and distances, so the patient will slowly stretch the bone segments apart over the next 7–14 days.
For about 6–8 weeks after the first procedure, the patient has to allow time for the regenerated tissue to heal and become strong, new bone. Once this new bone has hardened and healed, the device has to be removed in another short surgical procedure.
Most patients say that the gradual spreading process is less painful than braces or other forms of orthodontic treatment. For the surgical procedure, patients are placed under general anesthesia and do not experience pain. During the distraction process, patients can expect to experience mild discomfort, which can be controlled with prescribed painkillers. Our office provides instructions to guide you throughout treatment, helping to ensure a speedy recovery and optimum clinical results.
When Is Distraction Osteogenesis Necessary?
Distraction osteogenesis can be performed on patients of any age, but it is recommended for younger patients. For younger patients, the period of distraction and recovery is much shorter than that of adults. This is because younger patients have faster bone regenerative capabilities and smaller mouths than adults.
If you have any of these oral and maxillofacial conditions, you may be a candidate for distraction osteogenesis:
- Congenital craniofacial defect, including cleft palate
- Craniosynostosis syndromes, including Crouzon or Apert
- Improperly formed lower jaw
- Facial injuries resulting from trauma
This treatment can also be used in the place of bone graft surgery. Both procedures aim to regrow bone in the maxillofacial region. Bone grafts, however, involve placing a grafting material into the space where more bone is needed to stimulate the natural bone to heal around it. With distraction osteogenesis, your surgeon pulls apart the bone gradually, stimulating the new bone to grow in the open space.
If you are interested in finding out more about distraction osteogenesis and discovering if it may be an option for you, please contact us. Our office staff is happy to set up an initial consultation with Dr. Daniel Clark, Dr. Sean Young, and Dr. Brad Lewallen. At Southern Oral & Facial Surgery, we work hand in hand with our patients to ensure that they achieve the surgical results that they desire.
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